33% of businesses hit by DDoS attack in 2017, double that of 2016

Distributed Denial of Service attacks are on the rise this year, and used to gain access to corporate data and harm a victim’s services, according to a Kaspersky Lab report.

Cybercriminals are increasingly turning to Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) this year, as 33% of organizations faced such an attack in 2017—up from just 17% in 2016, according to a new report from Kaspersky Lab.

These cyber attacks are hitting businesses of all sizes: Of those affected, 20% were very small businesses, 33% were SMBs, and 41% were enterprises.

Half of all businesses reported that the frequency and complexity of DDoS attacks targeting organizations like theirs is growing every year, highlighting the need for more awareness and protection against them, according to Kaspersky Lab.

Of the companies that were hit in 2016, 82% said that they faced more than one DDoS attack. At this point in 2017, 76% of those hit said they had faced at least one attack.

Cybercriminals use DDoS attacks to gain access to valuable corporate data, as well as to cripple a victim’s services, Kaspersky Lab noted. These attacks often result in serious disruption of business: Of the organizations hit by DDoS attacks this year, 26% reported a significant decrease in performance of services, and 14% reported a failure of transactions and processes in affected services.

Additionally, some 53% of companies reported that DDoS attacks against them were used as a smokescreen to cover up other types of cybercrime. Half (50%) of these respondents said that the attack hid a malware infection, 49% said that it masked a data leak or theft, 42% said that it was used to cover up a network intrusion or hacking, and 26% said that it was hiding financial theft, Kaspersky Lab found.

These results are part of Kaspersky Lab’s annual IT Security Risks survey, which included responses from more than 5,200 representatives of small, medium, and large businesses from 29 countries.

“The threat of being hit by a DDoS attack – either standalone or as part of a greater attack arsenal – is showing no signs of diminishing,” said Kirill Ilganaev, head of Kaspersky DDoS protection at Kaspersky Lab, in a press release. “It’s not a case of if an organization will be hit, but when. With the problem growing and affecting every type and size of company, it is important for organizations to protect their IT infrastructure from being infiltrated and keep their data safe from attack.”

Want to use this data in your next business presentation? Feel free to copy and paste these top takeaways into your next slideshow.

  • 33% of organizations experienced a DDoS attack in 2017, compared to 17% in 2016. -Kaspersky Lab, 2017
  • Of organizations hit by DDoS attacks, 20% were very small businesses, 33% were SMBs, and 41% were enterprises. -Kaspersky Lab, 2017
  • 53% of companies reported that DDoS attacks against them were used as a smokescreen to cover up other types of cybercrime, including malware, data leaks, and financial theft. -Kaspersky Lab, 2017

Source: http://www.techrepublic.com/article/33-of-businesses-hit-by-ddos-attack-in-2017-double-that-of-2016/

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Apache Struts Vulnerabilities and The Equifax Hack, What Happened?

In the wake of the Equifax breach, a lot of people are wondering how the theft of personal information occurred and how it could have been prevented.

Equifax initially reported that a vulnerability in Apache Struts was used to infiltrate their public-facing web server. Apache Struts has faced its fair share of vulnerabilities with 21 having been discovered since the start of 2016.

Which Apache Struts vulnerability was used in the Equifax hack?

At DOSarrest we researched current and past Apache Strut vulnerabilities and determined that they likely were not hacked using the new CVE-2017-9805 but likely CVE-2017-5638.

Equifax released additional details on Sept 13th 2017 confirming that the vulnerability involved was CVE-2017-5638. The CVE-2017-5638 vulnerability dates back to March 2017, which is why people in the security industry are now questioning how they could be so far behind in patching this well-known exploit.

The two vulnerabilities, CVE-2017-5638 and the recently revealed CVE-2017-9805 are very similar in nature and are both considered Remote Code Execution (RCE) vulnerabilities .

How does a RCE vulnerability work and how can they be prevented?

A RCE vulnerability is exploited when an attacker crafts a packet or request containing arbitrary code or commands. The attacker uses a method to bypass security that causes a vulnerable server to execute the code with either user or elevated privileges.

Such vulnerabilities can be prevented with a two-fold approach to web application security:

1) New vulnerabilities will continually be discovered in any web application framework, and it is the duty of IT teams to keep the software patched. This requires regular audits and patches to vulnerable software. Even the most proactive IT teams will not be able to prevent a so-called zero-day attack by patching alone so more must be done to protect the web server from zero-day vulnerabilities.

2) Since there is always a delay between the time a vulnerability is discovered and when a patch is developed by the maintainer of that product, a means to protect your website from undiscovered zero-day vulnerabilities is needed. Web Application Firewall’s (WAF) that typically rely on signatures are unfortunately at a disadvantage because signatures for existing vulnerabilities in most cases do not match newer zero-day vulnerabilities.

If I cannot rely on signature-based WAF options, what can I rely on to protect my business?

At DOSarrest our WAF is different. The problem with relying on signatures is that it requires constant updates as new vulnerabilities become known. Instead our WAF looks for sets of characters (such as /}/,/“/, and /;/) or phrases (like “/bin/bash” or “cmd.exe”) that are known to be problematic for some web applications.

What makes DOSarrest’s WAF even more appealing is that it is fast. Much faster than signature-based solutions that require high CPU use to match signatures–such matching could result in a measurable impact on latency. With DOSarrest’s WAF there is no increase in latency, and vulnerabilities not yet discovered will still be mitigated.

Examples of how the Apache Strut vulnerabilities are performed:

For the benefit of more technical users, some sample requests will be analyzed below. The first example represents a normal non-malicious request sent by millions of people everyday and the following two exploit RCE vulnerabilities in Apache Struts:

We can note the following characteristics in the exploit of CVE-2017-5638:

1. The Content-Type Header starts with %{(, an incorrect format.

2. The payload contains a java function call, java.lang.ProcessBuilder, that is normally regarded as dangerous.

3. The payload contains both windows and Linux command line interpreters: “cmd.exe” (Windows Command Prompt) and “/bin/bash” (Linux Bash shell/terminal).

The RCE vulnerability used to infiltrate Equifax, CVE-2017-5638 exploits a bug in the way Apache Struts processes the “Content-Type” HTTP header. This allows attackers to run an XML script with elevated user access, containing the java.lang.ProcessBuilder is required to execute the commands the attacker has placed within the XML request.

CVE 2017-9805, announced September 2017, is very similar to the previous RCE vulnerability.

With CVE-2017-9805, we can note the following characteristics:

1. The Content-Type is application/xml with the actual content in the request body matching that of the Content-Type.

2) The payload also contains the java function call java.lang.ProcessBuilder.

3) The payload in this case is Linux specific and calls “/bin/bash -c touch ./CVE-2017-9805.txt” to confirm that the exploit works by creating a file, “CVE-2017-9805.txt”.

Are the payloads shown the exact ones used by attackers to obtain data from Equifax?

Although some of the commands may have been used together as part of the information gathering process, the actual commands used to obtain the data from Equifax may only be known by the attackers and possibly Equifax or an auditing security team directly involved in the case. The examples show how the vulnerability could be exploited in the wild and what methods might be used, e.g., setting Content-Type and sending an XML file with a payload. These examples do not represent the actual payload used to obtain the data from Equifax.

Since the payload itself can be completely arbitrary, an attacker can run any commands desired on the victim’s server. Any action the web server software is capable of could be performed by an attacker, which could allow for theft of information or intellectual property if it is accessible from the hacked server.

In the case of Equifax, there was likely an initial vulnerability scan that the attackers used to expose Equifax’s vulnerability to this particular attack. This would have been followed by an effort to determine what files were available or what actions could be performed from the Equifax public-facing web server.At some point the attackers came across a method for accessing personal credit details on millions of Americans and citizens from other countries who had credit checks performed on their identities within the United States.

If Equifax had been using the DOSarrest WAF, they could have avoided a costly mistake. Don’t let your business suffer a damaging security breach that could result in you being out of business for good. Talk to us about our services.

For more information on our services including our Web Application Firewall, see DOSarrest for more information on Security solutions.

Source: https://www.dosarrest.com/ddos-blog/apache-struts-vulnerabilities-and-the-equifax-hack-what-happened/

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FCC has no documentation of DDoS attack that hit net neutrality comments

Records request denied because FCC made no “written documentation” of attack.

The US Federal Communications Commission says it has no written analysis of DDoS attacks that hit the commission’s net neutrality comment system in May.

In its response to a Freedom of Information Act (FoIA) request filed by Gizmodo, the FCC said its analysis of DDoS attacks “stemmed from real time observation and feedback by Commission IT staff and did not result in written documentation.” Gizmodo had asked for a copy of any records related to the FCC analysis that concluded DDoS attacks had taken place. Because there was no “written documentation,” the FCC provided no documents in response to this portion of the Gizmodo FoIA request.

The FCC also declined to release 209 pages of records, citing several exemptions to the FoIA law. For example, publication of documents related to “staffing decisions made by Commission supervisors, draft talking points, staff summaries of congressional letters, and policy suggestions from staff” could “harm the Commission’s deliberative processes,” the FCC said. “Release of this information would chill deliberations within the Commission and impede the candid exchange of ideas.”

The FCC also declined to release internal “discussion of the Commission’s IT infrastructure and countermeasures,” because “It is reasonably foreseeable that this information, if released, would allow adversaries to circumvent the FCC’s protection measures.”

The FCC did release 16 pages of records, “though none of them shed any light on the events that led to the FCC’s website crashing on May 8,” Gizmodo wrote yesterday. “The few e-mails by FCC staff that were actually released to Gizmodo are entirely redacted.”

The Gizmodo article comes in the same week that the FCC refused to release the text of more than 40,000 net neutrality complaints that it has received from Internet users since June 2015. Pai has claimed that net neutrality rules were a response to “hypothetical harms and hysterical prophecies of doom,” but most complaints to the FCC about potential net neutrality violations by ISPs are being kept secret. (The FCC did release 1,000 of the complaints to the National Hispanic Media Coalition, which had filed a FoIA request.)

Pai has claimed that his proposed repeal of net neutrality rules is using a “far more transparent” process than the one used to implement net neutrality rules in 2015.

UPDATE: The FCC released a statement this afternoon claiming that it is “categorically false” to suggest that “the FCC lacks written documentation of its analysis of the May 7-8 non-traditional DDoS attack that took place against our electronic comment filing system.” The FCC statement said there is publicly available written analysis in the form of a letter to Congress (which we quoted and linked to in the next section of this article). The FCC statement also said it has “voluminous documentation of this attack in the form of logs collected by our commercial cloud partners,” which has not been released publicly.

But again, the FCC refused to provide its internal analysis of the attack, which is what Gizmodo requested. The FCC’s new statement says that “Gizmodo requested records related to the FCC analysis cited in [CIO] David Bray’s May 8 public statement about this attack. Given that the Commission’s IT professionals were in the midst of addressing the attack on May 8, that analysis was not reduced to writing. However, subsequent analysis, once the incident had concluded, was put in writing.”

We asked the FCC to provide this “subsequent analysis,” and haven’t heard back yet.

The FCC’s position seems to be that it wasn’t asked to provide any analysis that was written down after May 8. But Gizmodo requested “A copy of any records related to the FCC ‘analysis’ (cited in Dr. Bray’s statement) that concluded a DDoS attack had taken place.” The FCC’s analysis after May 8 did not change—the commission continues to say it was hit by DDoS attacks. Yet the FCC refused to provide records related to its analysis that it was hit by DDoS attacks.

“We asked for all records ‘related to’ this analysis (emails, etc.), not just the analysis itself, which they claim does not exist,” Gizmodo reporter Dell Cameron wrote on Twitter.

Ars’ FoIA request denied

Separately, Ars filed a FoIA request on May 9 for e-mails and other communications and records related to the attack on the net neutrality comment system and related downtime. The FCC denied our request on June 21, saying that “due to an ongoing investigation we are not able to release records associated with this incident.”

Ars appealed that decision to the FCC on June 30 in light of Chairman Ajit Pai’s statement to US senators that the FBI is not investigating the comment system attack.

“In speaking with the FBI, the conclusion was reached that, given the facts currently known, the attack did not appear to rise to the level of a major incident that would trigger further FBI involvement,” Pai wrote to Senate Democrats who asked for more details about the attacks and the FCC’s response to the attacks.

The FCC has not responded to our FoIA appeal or to a followup e-mail we sent on Tuesday this week.

UPDATE: The FCC responded to our FoIA appeal two hours after this story published, saying it won’t release the e-mails and other records because of an internal investigation.

“An internal investigation into the matter is under consideration,” the FCC told us. “Agency staff have concluded that release of the records you requested could be reasonably expected to impede and interfere with this investigation.”

Comment system failure and DDoS analysis

The FCC’s website failure temporarily prevented the public from commenting on Pai’s controversial proposal to dismantle net neutrality rules. The downtime coincided with a heavy influx of comments triggered by comedian John Oliver’s HBO segment criticizing Pai’s plan, but the FCC attributed the downtime solely to “multiple distributed denial-of-service attacks.”

We published an analysis of the FCC’s statements in May, concluding that the incident was caused either by “an unusual type of DDoS or poorly written spam bots.” Cloudflare, which operates a global network that protects websites from DDoS attacks, supported the FCC’s statements. The FCC’s descriptions are consistent with “a ‘Layer 7′ or Application Layer attack,” Cloudflare Information Security Chief Marc Rogers told Ars.

“In this type of [DDoS] attack, instead of trying to saturate the site’s network by flooding it with junk traffic, the attacker instead tries to bring a site down by attacking an application running on it,” Rogers said.

The FCC also refused to release server logs related to the attack because they might contain private information such as IP addresses. Security experts who spoke to Ars supported this decision.

There are now more than 10 million comments on Pai’s plan to overturn net neutrality rules, though many contain the same text because they come from spam bots or from campaigns urging people to submit pre-written comments. Pai has said that the number of comments opposing or supporting his plan “is not as important as the substantive comments that are in the record.”

Source: https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2017/07/fcc-has-no-documentation-of-ddos-attack-that-hit-net-neutrality-comments/

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Lawmakers seek answers on alleged FCC DDoS attack

Five Democratic senators are seeking an FBI investigation into possible cyberattacks on the Federal Communication Commission’s online comment system.

The FCC’s Electronic Comment Filing System crashed in the early hours of May 8 in what the agency called “deliberate attempts by external actors to bombard” the commission and render its systems unusable by legitimate commenters.

Sens. Brian Schatz (D-Hawaii), Al Franken (D-Minn.), Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.), Ed Markey (D-Mass.) and Ron Wyden (D-Ore.) want acting FBI director Andrew McCabe to make an investigation of that May disruption a priority, and also called for an investigation into the source of the attack. The senators’ letter emphasized that they were especially troubled by the disruption of the process of public commentary given that public participation is crucial to the integrity of the FCC’s regulatory process.

The request comes as FCC Chairman Ajit Pai is moving to roll back Obama-era net neutrality regulations over the objections of Democrats in Congress and internet freedom activists.

“Any cyberattack on a federal network is very serious,” the senators wrote. “This particular attack may have denied the American people the opportunity to contribute to what is supposed to be a fair and transparent process, which in turn may call into question the integrity of the FCC’s rulemaking proceedings.”

The senators seek a reply by June 23.

It’s possible, however, that what the FCC is reporting as a DDoS attack was in fact a traffic spike spurred by TV comedian John Oliver, who urged viewers to register their opposition to the net neutrality rollback in an May 7 broadcast.

The partisan fight over FCC actions on net neutrality has cast a political shadow over the attack, the follow-up and any future investigation. Three of the letter’s five signatories (Schatz, Markey, Franken) also signed a May 17 open letter lambasting the FCC’s possible net neutrality rollback.

Wyden and Schatz also sought clarification from Pai about the ability of the agency to protect against DDoS attacks in a separate May 9 letter. The two sought details on the user capacity of the FCC’s website and requested a reply by June 8.

Meanwhile, the FCC is accepting comments on its net neutrality proceeding through Aug. 16.

Source: https://fcw.com/articles/2017/05/31/fcc-ddos-senators-berliner.aspx

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Long Before ‘WannaCry’ Ransomware, Decades Of Cyber ‘Wake-Up Calls’

By latest counts, more than 200,000 computers in some 150 countries have been hit by a cyberattack using ransomware called WannaCry or WannaCrypt, which locked the data and demanded payment in bitcoin. The malware was stopped by a young U.K. researcher’s lucky discovery of a kill switch, but not before it caused hospitals to divert patients and factories to shut operations.

The origins of the malicious software — which feeds on a Microsoft vulnerability — trace back to the National Security Agency: cybertools stolen from the government and posted publicly in April. Microsoft had issued a patch in March. (And here are good tips to generally secure yourself.)

“The governments of the world should treat this attack as a wake-up call. … We need governments to consider the damage to civilians that comes from hoarding these vulnerabilities and the use of these exploits,” Microsoft President Brad Smith wrote in a follow-up blog post. “We need the tech sector, customers, and governments to work together to protect against cybersecurity attacks. … In this sense, the WannaCrypt attack is a wake-up call for all of us.”

This one, it’s a wake-up call. Haven’t we heard that somewhere before? In fact, archival searches show the use of the cliché stretching back decades — as far back as the early viruses and worms of the 1980s.

“I think people use ‘wake-up call’ in different ways, but it’s generally used to mean to treat cybersecurity like a bona fide national security problem, which we still for the most part don’t do,” says Philip Reitinger, head of the nonprofit Global Cyber Alliance. “In general, it’s ‘Gosh, now people will understand, governments and private sector will understand how serious it is — and do something. When the history has shown, no, they won’t.”

Reitinger and numerous others veterans in the field have been making many of the same calls through the years: Commit proper funding, like to any other national security threat; write new laws that would tangibly incentivize and enforce good behavior by companies large and small; put proper priority on creating a system that can defend itself.

“I’m tired of people writing reports and recommendations,” Reitinger says. “We’re not treating this like the moonshot; we just get the words.”

Well, in the spirit of the focus on words, let’s follow it through history. Below is a select taste of some of the major hacks and attacks that were declared to be a “wake-up call” by government officials and security experts.

1998: The Pentagon

The AP reported on Feb. 26: “The Pentagon’s unclassified computer networks were hit this month by the ‘most organized and systematic’ attack yet.” It was later attributed to two California teenagers, guided by an Israeli teen.

The AP cited Deputy Defense Secretary John Hamre saying that the government and the private sector had not done enough to protect sensitive networks from attacks. In a story on NPR’s All Things Considered, Hamre said: “It was certainly a wake-up call. It certainly is indicative of a future we could be facing that’s much more serious. And we need to learn the lessons from this experience and take advantage of it.”

2000: Popular websites

In a highly publicized denial-of-service attack, a 15-year-old known online as Mafiaboy, brought down Amazon, CNN, Dell, E*Trade, eBay and Yahoo!, which was then the largest search engine. On Feb. 15, then-White House Chief of Staff John Podesta appeared on CNN, saying:

“I think these latest attacks have been a wake-up call for Americans that more needs to be done, that we need to get together and do what we did to deal with the Y2K crisis, which is to come together to share ideas, to do more research and development on security measures that can be taken to enhance the network security, and to build a really strong foundation of security and privacy for the information infrastructure as we create this great promise of the digital economy.”

In March, the tech panel of the Senate Judiciary Committee held a hearing on cyberterrorism, where subcommittee chairman Sen. Jon Kyl said the attacks “raised public awareness and hopefully will serve as a wake-up call about the need to protect our critical computer networks.”

2003: Computers worldwide

SQL Slammer became known as “the worm that crashed the Internet in 15 minutes.” In prepared testimony at the House of Representatives, Vincent Gullotto of Anti-Virus Emergency Response Team at Network Associates said:

“During the Slammer virus outbreak, major U.S. banks experienced widespread ATM outages, a major airline canceled or delayed flights, and a large U.S. metropolitan area lost its 911 emergency services. … Attacks such as those that occurred over the last several weeks provide an important wake-up call to governments, industries, and consumers. We must not be complacent; we must act.”

2010: Google

Google disclosed “a highly sophisticated and targeted attack on our corporate infrastructure originating from China that resulted in the theft of intellectual property.” It was later dubbed “Operation Aurora,” said to have targeted dozens of companies.

After Director of National Intelligence Dennis Blair appeared before the Senate intelligence committee, NPR’s Mary Louise Kelly reported on All Things Considered on Feb. 2:

Blair “used much stronger language than I’ve heard him use before, talked about malicious cyberactivity, and I’ll quote him, ‘is occurring on an unprecedented scale with extraordinary sophistication.’ He talked about things like the recent hacking attack on Google, said that should be a wake-up call, said that the U.S. information infrastructure overall [is] severely threatened.”

2010: Iran’s nuclear program

Stuxnet is a massive computer worm that attacked Iran’s industrial equipment, including at a uranium-enrichment facility. On Nov. 17, Symantec executive Dean Turner testified before the Senate Homeland Security Committee:

“Stuxnet demonstrates the vulnerability of critical national infrastructure industrial control systems to attack through widely used computer programs and technology. Stuxnet is a wake-up call to critical infrastructure systems around the world. This is the first publicly known threat to target industrial control systems and grants hackers vital control of critical infrastructures such as power plants, dams and chemical facilities.”

2012: Saudi Aramco

In August, a virus called Shamoon wiped out files from 30,000 corporate computers of the world’s largest oil exporter.

In a Dec. 7 speech, then-Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel called the attacks on Saudi Aramco and a subsequent attack targeting the Qatari natural gas company RasGas, “a serious wake-up call to everyone.” Hagel added: “The United States will continue to help build the capacity of partners and allies to defend their critical infrastructure from cyberattack, especially major energy, infrastructure, and telecommunications facilities.”

2015: Office of Personnel Management

In the massive OPM data breach, hackers stole personal information of more than 20 million current and former federal employees, contractors, family members and others who had undergone federal background checks.

In a Timeop-ed titled “U.S. Cybersecurity Is Too Weak,” Sens. Chris Coons and Cory Gardner of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee wrote:

“The OPM hack remains the largest data breach ever suffered by the federal government and should have served as a wake-up call to Congress. … The United States must develop a robust prevention and recovery policy response that can adapt to current and future technological advancements.”

In his own op-ed for Federal News Radio, House Oversight Chairman Jason Chaffetz wrote: “This should serve as a wake-up call to all in government on how to best secure federal IT and data. A shift toward zero trust is one way to improve federal IT security.”

2016: Dyn

Hackers attacked a major Internet infrastructure company called Dyn, disrupting websites and services such as Twitter, Amazon, Spotify and Airbnb. The disruptions lasted most of the day, a result of a massive distributed denial-of-service attack delivered through millions of hijacked Internet-connected things such as baby monitors, DVRs and CCTV cameras, infected with Mirai malware.

Source: http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/05/16/528447819/long-before-wannacry-ransomware-decades-of-cyber-wake-up-calls

“It’s important for [Internet of Things] vendors who haven’t prioritized security to take this escalating series of attacks as a wake-up call,” The Washington Post quoted Casey Ellis of cybersecurity firm Bugcrowd as saying. “We’re entering a period where this is very real, calculable, and painful impact to having insecure products.”

A House Energy and Commerce panel convened to discuss the security of Internet-connected devices. Rep. Bob Latta, R-Ohio, weighed in: “The recent DDoS attack should serve as a wake-up call that our systems are susceptible to attempts to use IoT devices to wreak havoc.”

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Hackers attacking WordPress sites via home routers

Administrators of sites using the popular blogging platform WordPress face a new challenge: hackers are launching coordinated brute-force attacks on the administration panels of WordPress sites via unsecured home routers, according to a report on Bleeping Computer.

Once they’ve gained access, the attackers can guess the password for the page and commandeer the account.

The home routers are corralled into a network which disseminates the brute-force attack to thousands of IP addresses negotiating around firewalls and blacklists, the report stated.

The flaw was detected by WordFence, a firm that offers a security plugin for the WordPress platform. The campaign is exploiting security bugs in the TR-069 router management protocol to highjack devices. Attackers gain entry by sending malicious requests to a router’s 7547 port.

The miscreants behind the campaign are playing it low-key to avoid detection, attempting only a few guesses at passwords for each router.

While the exact size of the botnet is unknown, WordFence reported that nearly seven percent of all the brute-force attacks on WordPress sites last month arrived from home routers with port 7547 exposed to the internet.

The flaw is exacerbated by the fact that most home users lack the technical know-how to limit access to their router’s 7547 port. In some cases, the devices do not allow the shuttering of the port.

A more practical solution is offered by WordFence: ISPs should filter out traffic on their network coming from the public internet that is targeting port 7547.

“The routers we have identified that are attacking WordPress sites are suffering from a vulnerability that has been around since 2014 when CheckPoint disclosed it,” Mark Maunder, CEO of WordFence CEO, told SC Media on Wednesday.

The specific vulnerability, he pointed out, is the “misfortune cookie” vulnerability. “ISPs have known about this vulnerability for some time and they have not updated the routers that have been hacked, leaving their customers vulnerable. So, this is not a case of an attacker continuously evolving a technique to infect routers. This is a case of opportunistic infection of a large number of devices that have a severe vulnerability that has been known about for some time, but has never been patched.”

There are two attacks, Maunder told SC. The first is the router that is infected through the misfortune cookie exploit. The other is the attacks his firm is seeing on WordPress sites that are originating from infected ISP routers on home networks.

“The routers appear to be running a vulnerable version of Allegro RomPager version 4.07,” Maunders said. “In CheckPoint’s original 2014 disclosure of this vulnerability they specifically note that 4.07 is the worst affected version of RomPager. So there is nothing new or innovative about this exploit, it is simply going after ISP routers that have a large and easy to hit target painted on them.”

The real story here, said Maunder, is that a number of large ISPs, several of them state owned, have gone a few years without patching their customer routers and their customers and the online community are now paying the price. “Customer home networks are now exposed to attackers and the online community is seeing their websites attacked. I expect we will see several large DDoS attacks originating from these routers this year.”

Source: https://www.scmagazine.com/hackers-attacking-wordpress-sites-via-home-routers/article/649992/

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Activists plan DDoS attack on the White House website during Trump’s inauguration

A software engineer is calling for protesters to flood the site with traffic during the presidential inauguration

It’s almost time. Ex-reality TV host and businessman Donald Trump will be officially sworn in as the US president on Friday January 20. His campaign was divisive, to say the least, and it seems his tenure as president is looking like having a bumpy start, with protests planned in all states of the US, including on the streets of Washington DC.

However, rather than stand outside, some protestors are choosing to target the President-elect with other, indoor-based, means. Software engineer, Juan Soberanis, is calling on protestors to attempt to take down the White House’s website in a DDoS attack – simply by flooding the website with traffic. Soberanis is calling it “Occupy White House”.

According to the International Business Times, Soberanis wrote on his online protest pledge: “”If you can’t make it to Washington DC on inauguration day to protest Trump’s presidency, you can still fight for the cause by helping to take down whitehouse.gov as a show of solidarity for the lives impacted by Trump’s policy agenda.

“It’s simple. By overloading the site with visitors, we will be able to demonstrate the will of the American people,” he continued.

Soberanis then goes on to tell fellow protestors to overwhelm the website by setting up auto-refresh on the WhiteHouse.gov homepage throughout the day.

The San-Francisco engineer is the creator of Protester.io, a Kickstarter-type site that encourages individuals to get involved in online protests. However, only one protest is currently live on the site, a finished protest set up by Soberanis to incite people to join the ACLU as a protest against Trump. The alleged URL for his Occupy White House protest page on the site appears to be inaccessible at the moment.

Hacking group Anonymous is additionally, and allegedly, planning cyber attacks against Trump’s new administration.

It should be noted, though, that this type of attack is considered criminal activity in the US under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act. The act dictates that sending a command to a protected computer with the intent to cause damage can be judged a criminal offence, and people affiliated with Anonymous have been charged in the past by the US government for launching DDoS attacks on government entities and trade groups.

Screen Shot 2017-01-19 at 14.38.54

Thousands of people are planning to protest Trump’s inauguration on January 20

As well as being a controversial choice for president, Trump’s inauguration is set to be a controversial affair, too. The likes of Cher, Chelsea Handler and Katy Perry have promised to take part in the Women’s March, either in the capital or in the states around, the day after the inauguration, to protest the Republican party’s threats to defund Planned Parenthood.

According to Google, the statewide searches for “inauguration protest” are much higher than “attend inauguration” searches on the site. During the transition from Obama stepping down and Trump stepping up, “Russia” has been one of the top searched-for big issuesin the States on Google, alongside immigration and Obamacare.

Source: http://www.wired.co.uk/article/donald-trump-inauguration-ddos-attack-planned

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Warcraft, Overwatch Down? Blizzard DDoS Attacks Affect Gaming Service

Miscreants have struck Blizzard servers again with multiple waves of DDoS attacks over the last 12 hours. Warcraft and Overwatch, two massively popular games, have been facing latency, login and disconnection issues even while Blizzard has been working on fixing the problem.

The company first acknowledged the problem in a tweet Sunday evening.

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Since then, Blizzard claimed to have regained control over matters at its end, only to announce twice the DDoS attacks had restarted. Its last update, at 11:42 p.m. EST Sunday, came three hours after the last wave of DDoS attacks.

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On Twitter, a group calling itself Phantom Squad claimed responsibility for the attack

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Blizzard also provided a link to a support page on its website that may help some users troubleshoot their connection problems.

As always, social media was abuzz with users venting their frustration at the gaming servers being affected. This is at least the fifth such instance in the last few months.

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The company also has a scheduled maintenance coming up Tuesday.

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Source: http://www.ibtimes.com/warcraft-overwatch-down-blizzard-ddos-attacks-affect-gaming-service-2454782

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​The top 5 least-wanted malware in any corporate IT infrastructure

Ask a group of people to define malware, and you’re likely to get a range of different answers. The term has become a catch-all description for a broad collection of different cyber threats that keep IT managers awake at night.

Categories falling under the malware banner include viruses and worms, adware, bots, Trojans and root kits. Each category is different but all can cause disruption and loss if not detected and quickly removed.

Of the malware types in the wild, the top five are:

1. Remote Access Trojans (RATs)

RATS comprise malicious code that usually arrives hidden in an email attachment or as part of a downloaded file such as a game. Once the file is open, the RAT installs itself on the victim’s computer where it can sit unnoticed until being remotely trigged.

RATs provide attackers with a back door that gives them administrative control over the target computer. This can then be used to steal data files, access other computers on the network or cause disruption to business processes.

One of the first examples, dubbed Beast, first appeared in the early 2000s. It was able to kill running anti-virus software and install a key logger that could monitor for password and credit card details. Sometimes it would even take a photo using the target computer’s web cam and send it back to the attacker.

2. Botnets

Some liken botnets to a computerised ‘zombie army’ as they comprise a group of computers that have been infected by a backdoor Trojan. Botnets have similar features to a RAT, however their key difference is that they are a group of computers being controlled at the same time.

Botnets have been described as a Swiss Army knife for attackers. Linked to a command-and-control channel, they can be instructed to forward transmissions including spam or viruses to other computers in the internet. They can also be used to initiate distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks similar to the one suspected to have disrupted the Australian census.

Some attackers even rent their botnets out to other criminals who want to distribute their own malware or cause problems for legitimate websites or services.

3. Browser-based malware

This type of malware targets a user’s web browser and involves the installation of a Trojan capable of modifying web transactions as they occur in real time. The benefit for malware of being in a browser is that it enables it to avoid certain types of security protection such as packet sniffing.

Some examples of the malware generate fake pop-up windows when they know a user is visiting a banking web site. The windows request credit card details and passwords which are then sent back to the attacker.

Security experts estimate that there have been around 50 million hosts infected by browser-based malware and estimated financial losses have topped $1 billion.

4. Point-of-sale (POS) Malware

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“The amount of traffic, or bandwidth, that is able to be generated and used as a weapon is at an all-time high.,” said one expert.

The company measured threats faced by its customers during a roughly one-year time period, seeing a 211 percent year-over-year increase in attacks.

More commonly known as DDoS attacks, they are designed to flood servers with artificial internet traffic that causes access interruption to websites or network systems.

The firm largely attributed this apparent growth to the establishment of several botnet operations — which serve as a platform to automate and increase attack volume — and malicious actors’ ability to access greater bandwidth to help generate and use such weapons. Dark Web dealers are using these botnets, according to Imperva, to offer more effective cyber tools to would-be customers.

“The amount of traffic, or bandwidth, that is able to be generated and used as a weapon is at an all-time high. This is likely the result of more compromised machines with higher bandwidth,” Imperva Vice President Tim Matthews told FedScoop.

In short, hackers are able to launch denial of service attacks by manipulating a hosting provider to re-route IP addresses towards a preferred server.

Those DDoS attacks recorded by Imperva — recorded between March 2015 and April 2016 — targeted a diverse range of clients. Even so, all of the attacks similarly aimed to disrupt each organization’s digital operations at one of two distinct levels: application or network.

To be clear, an application-based DDoS effectively works to discontinue online access to a specific property, like a website or software service, rather than an entire network.

Because app-based DDoS attacks are by nature less expansive, they typically leverage less traffic. In the past, DDoS-ing an entire network has presented a challenge for hackers due to the sheer artificial traffic required to pull it off. But Imperva’s new report suggests that botnets are significantly changing this dynamic; making it easier for individual operations to disrupt larger segments of the internet.

Another worrisome trend in the DDoS arena, spotted by Imperva, is that when a target gets hit once, it should prepare for another wave. Data shows that 40 percent of affected targets were attacked more than once, while 16 percent were targeted more than five times.

In the past, DDoS attacks have been used to distract an organization from a more malicious data breach, leading to the possible exfiltration of valuable data like customer finances and personal records.

Here’s what a DDoS looks like via a data visualization by cybersecurity firm Norse:

Source: http://fedscoop.com/ddos-attacks-up-211-percent-august-2016

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